Category: 2#Plant Breeding Innovation

What is plant breeding?

Put simply, plant breeding improves plants in order to grow better crops with desired characteristics. We have been improving plants for thousands of years – long before breeding existed as a formal discipline. Plant breeding is based on this long history of experience, and the tools that help to achieve these improvements continue to evolve …

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Why do we need plant breeding?

Plant breeding lets us adapt plants so we can maintain and increase productivity and improve product qualities considering changing climatic, agricultural and market conditions. Plant breeding has significantly contributed to reducing environmental footprint of plant production, increasing the diversity of products and improving the economic situation of agriculture.   The continued development of new varieties …

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What do plant breeders do?

Plant breeders develop new plant varieties by improving and combining different useful characteristics. For farmers, these characteristics may be disease resistance or drought tolerance; for consumers, nutritional quality, flavour or appearance; for food manufacturers and retailers, baking quality or shelf life. Today’s plant breeders integrate knowledge from a range of scientific disciplines, such as plant …

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How has plant breeding evolved?

Since the first seed was planted, farmers selected and grew the best and heartiest crops from one year to the next. As the world and science progressed, plant breeding developed into a formal discipline with breeders continuing to have a better understanding of plants and the breeding process. Among the scientific breakthroughs, the following three …

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What does ‘plant breeding innovation’ mean?

‘Plant breeding innovation’ is the term used by the international seed sector and plant scientists worldwide to describe the continuous evolution of plant breeding methods. Breeders use many methods in their breeding programs to increase genetic variability, increase breeding efficiency and evaluate their breeding materials. Today’s innovations in plant breeding utilize sophisticated methods and disciplines, …

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How does plant breeding and, more specifically, gene edited crops contribute to sustainable farming systems?

Agriculture involves a series of choices, which are necessary to balance environmental impacts, farmers’ livelihoods, and the need to grow more food for the growing world population in a sustainable way. When farmers can choose seeds most adapted to their land and farming system, it raises the likelihood of better yields. Diversity of seed choices …

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How do plant breeders deliver safe and high quality seeds to farmers?

Plant breeders have a long track record of developing high-quality and safe varieties. A defining feature of plant breeding is the extensive and rigorous official and private testing of candidate varieties to ensure the release of new products that meet breeding objectives for better quality and taste, agronomic performance, climate resilience or harvestability and processing. …

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What is the difference between gene editing and older methods of plant breeding?

Gene editing is part of the continuum of plant breeding innovation and builds on years of scientific advances and the increased understanding of plant genetics. Gene editing allows breeders to work within a plant’s own gene pool to reach the same endpoint as they would through more traditional breeding methods–but with greater precision and efficiency …

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