Seed companies produce and trial seed in different countries all over the world to mitigate the risk of crop failures due to adverse weather conditions. By finding optimal locations for seed production, timing of harvest, and localized expertise, the seed sector ensures the steady supply of seed for farmers everywhere.
The seed business today is characterized by
- International teams working on product development in multiple R&D and screening sites to evaluate variety adaptation to various climatological and ecological zones
- Seed produced in countries in the Northern and Southern hemispheres in different climatic zones for better quality and logistics
- Seed processing, treatment, enhancement, quality control and packaging frequently carried out at a limited number of central sites for reasons of quality and efficiency
- Seeds marketed and distributed globally from a central logistic facility. Seed can be re-exported to many destination countries in multiple shipments over time
The material moving across international borders includes germplasm for R&D purposes, experimental lines and hybrids for screening purposes, basic seed for multiplication purposes and commercial varieties and hybrids for marketing purposes.