Category: 3#Sustainable Agriculture

What is “Food Security”?

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) defines food security as a situation that exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.í From this definition, food security can be …

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What is “Plant Genetic Resource”?

Any genetic material of plant origin that is of potential value for creating improved germplasm is a plant genetic resource. Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture are, in general, sub-divided in the following five categories: wild and weed species that are closely related to cultivated species landraces special genetic stocks including elite and current …

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What is “Organic Agriculture”?

Sensu stricto, ìorganic agricultureî is an agricultural management system without any input resulting from a synthesis process. More recently, various regulatory definitions have been given to organic agriculture, mainly based on restrictive use of off-farm inputs. Organic agriculture, sensu stricto or sensu lato, may or may not be sustainable according to the way it is …

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What is “Monoculture”?

The term monoculture is used in the two following contexts: agricultural system(s) where the same crop is grown over several seasons on the same field, without crop rotation. An extreme example is some forms of paddy rice cultivation where rice has been grown over several centuries on the same field. Monoculture has developed in parallel …

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How does ISF respond to the demand for “Organic Seed”?

Organic seed has different meanings and, depending on people, may refer to: Seed of any variety produced organically, i.e., according to organic production standards Seed of varieties specially adapted to organic agriculture and developed through any breeding techniques, except recombinant DNA, available to plant breeders Seed of so-called ëorganic varietiesí bred using methods that donít …

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How does ISF understand “Sustainable Agriculture”?

ISF understands sustainable agriculture as the evolving management and conservation of the natural resource base in any given region, and the global orientation of technical and institutional change, in such a manner as to ensure the steady attainment and continued, safe satisfaction of human needs for present and future generations. A sustainable agriculture must attempt …

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